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Housing policies in developing countries:Conjectures and refutations

Robert M.Buckley
jerry Kalarickal

24 août 2018

This article discusses housing policy in developing economies.It examines recent research findings in light of earlier arguments as to benefits of more market-oriented approaches.It also looks at whether the recommendations of earlier work have been refuted or developed in subsequent analyses and policy measures. In particular, it reviews the emp)irical analysis of the effects of policy in housing affordability and the functioning of urban areas, and the alleged mysterious effects that researchers claim effective property rights have on housing policy and on development more generally. It also examines the effects of the increased emphasis on community participation, showing how it helps to more fully reconcile the incentives faced by beneficiairies of housing policy and donors.
Finally it examines recent literatures on the welfare effects of rent control. The article shows that some of the conjectures as to the likely benefits of more market based policy have been refutes ; but large welfare gains for poor people can still be realized by adapting this approach. Furthemore this approach appears to be gaining ground as the consensus approach to effective housing policy.

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