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How secondary cities are managing rural to urban migration

Cities Alliance Cities and Migration Programme
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
New York University Marron Institute of Urban Management
Jigjiga University
2020

5 juillet 2022

This report provides insights into how secondary cities in the Horn of Africa are approaching challenges related to rural-urban migration.
It is based on a regional dialogue organised by the Cities Alliance Cities and Migration Programme in partnership with New York University (NYU) Marron Institute and JigjiganUniversity from 23-24 November 2020 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Kampala, Uganda.

  • All cities confirmed that they are experiencing rapid rural-to-urban migration and require approaches to managing this growth.
  • It was reaffirmed that rural-to-urban migration is one of the major drivers of urban growth for secondary cities in the Horn of Africa, along with natural growth and expanded jurisdictions.
  • Urban expansion planning “makes room” and there by supports equitable access to a city for all, with greater opportunities for social and economic inclusion.
  • Participants concluded that urban expansion planning is an effective approach to proactively managing urban growth that is simple, cost effective, and delivers results.
  • With some technical guidance, cities have the capacity to implement urban expansion planning.
  • Financing urban expansion planning is within the reach of cities and is not solely dependent on international funding or donors.
  • Urban expansion planning needs political will, which the dialogue supports by presenting evidence-based knowledge, offering peer-to-peer exchange among cities, and providing the space for cities and national governments to build the necessary partnerships.
  • The approach is readily adaptable to local realities. Cities can pursue the options that work within their local legal, political, and economic contexts.
  • Migrants tend to settle in the urban periphery. Proactive urban expansion planning can help cities integrate these migrants by providing them with access to the city through a basic grid of arterial roads on the urban periphery before it is developed.
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